History of the Minnesota Twins

The Minnesota Twins, like several other major league baseball teams, did not start out in Minnesota or as the Twins. From 1901 to 1960, they were usually known as the Washington Senators and occasionally referred to as the Washington Nationals. They moved to Minneapolis in 1961 and because the Minnesota Twins. In their 60 years in Washington, the team won only one World Series (1924), and, three American League pennants (1924, 1925, 1933).

The Minnesota Twins team was established in 1901, the same year the American League began. The team originated in Washington, D.C., and was named the Senators after a previous Washington team. The Senators started as a terrible team, losing many games every season. The only shining moments in the Senators' first two decades was the acquisition in 1907 of young, star pitcher Walter Johnson.

Johnson played for the Senators for 21 years and helped the team finally come out of the bottom of the American League. By 1924, the team had a new owner, president Clark Griffith, a new player-manager, Bucky Harris, some good hitters, including Goose Goslin, and the 36 year-old Johnson leading the pitching rotation. That year, they defeated the New York Yankees and Babe Ruth to win the American League pennant. They went on to defeat the New York Giants in the World Series.

The Senators again won the American League in 1925 but they were defeated by the Pittsburgh Pirates in the World Series. For the next 8 years, the Senators did not play well enough to win a pennant, but they came back in 1933 to win the American League championship. That was the team's last win as the Washington Senators.

In 1955, Clark Griffith died and his nephew and son took over ownership of the team. For the next five years, the new owners worked on moving the team out of Washington, and in 1960, they finally had the American League's approval to move the Senators to Minneaopolis-St. Paul, and the Minnesota Twins were born in 1961.

The new Twins played well, with star hitters, such as Harmon Killebrew and Zoilo Versalles. In 1962, they won 91 games and in 1965, after winning 102 games, they won the American League pennant, their first pennant win in 33 years. They lost the World Series, however, to the Los Angeles Dodgers.

The Twins continued to play well, but it took 22 more years for them to win a pennant. They did, however, win the American League West division title in 1969 and 1970, under the leadership of manager Billy Martin and the hitting of Rod Carew, Tony Oliva and Harmon Killebrew. They were not able to win the American League Championship series for the pennant either year.

The Twins dropped in the standings in 1971 and they remained a losing team until 1987. In 1978, Rod Carew was traded and the team fell even further down in the standings. The owner, Calvin Griffith, sold the Twins to Carl Pohlad in 1984. Before selling the team, however, Griffith had acquired players, including Kirby Puckett, who blossomed under the new ownership. By 1987, the Twins were on top again, winning the American League West division title and the American League pennant and then going on to defeat the St. Louis Cardinals in the World Series.

The Twins had another good season in 1988 but they didn't advance to the playoffs. They faltered in 1989 and in 1990 and they ended up at the bottom of the American League West division. The following year, the Twins did a surprising turn around and went from last in their division to winning their division and the pennant and once again becoming the World Series champions. Their 1991 wins would be the last for the Twins until 2002.

In 2002, the Twins hired Ron Gardenhire to manage the team. Under Gardenhire's leadership and new players Justin Morneau and Joe Mauer, the Twins won the Central divsion title in 2002-2004, 2006, 2009, and 2010.

Source for Information
Wikipedia - Minnesota Twins