History of the Chicago White Sox

Although the Chicago White Sox started in 1901 as a strong team, it took them over 80 years to win a World Series after their first two wins. The team has been strong in this century, winning three American League Central division titles (2000, 2005, 2008) and one American League pennant (2005) and one World Series (2005) since 2000.

After the National League Chicago White Stockings became the Chicago Cubs, Chicago's American League team changed its name to the White Stockings. The name held until 1904 when it was shortened to the White Sox.

The White Stockings started as a championship team, winning the American League pennant in 1901 and again in 1906. Their strength was in pitching and, even though they had the lowest American League batting average in 1906, they defeated the Chicago Cubs in the World Series.

In 1915, the White Sox acquired a player, Shoeless Joe Jackson, who would become their most famous player, but not just for his prowess with a bat. Other strong players were added to the team and 1917 became the best season the White Sox ever had, with a 100-54 record. That year, they won their third American League pennant and their second World Series.

The White Sox were out of contention for a pennant in 1918, but in 1919, they again won the American League pennant. They lost the World Series that year to the Cincinnati Reds, but the real loss came in 1920 with the "Black Sox Scandal."

Rumors started in 1919 that the World Series had been fixed and that White Sox players, including Shoeless Joe Jackson, had been paid to throw the series. In 1920, the accused White Sox players were banned from baseball. The loss of these key players caused the Chicago White Sox to drop to the bottom of the standings. It took 40 years for the team to recover fully from the "Black Sox Scandal" of 1920.

In 1959, the Chicago White Sox were sold to a group that was led by experienced baseball owner Bill Veeck. The team was revitalized, adding Al Lopez as manager and some strong players, including future Hall of Famers Luis Aparicio and Nellie Fox. The improved White Sox won the American League pennant but they lost the World Series to the Los Angeles Dodgers.

Although the White Sox had winning records in the 1960s, they fell down in the standings in the 1970s. They did not reach post-season play again until 1983 when they won the American League West division title under manager Tony La Russa. However, they slipped down in the following years and La Russa was fired in 1986.

The Chicago White Sox's next playoff season came in 1993 when they won the American League West division title. However, they again failed to win the pennant.

The 2000 season changed the Chicago White Sox's fortunes. They were in the American League Central division and they fared much better with the new division plan. The White Sox won the division title in 2000 and 2005, and in 2005, they went on to win the American League pennant and the World Series. In 2008, the Chicago White Sox were again on the top of the American League Central division, but they were defeated in the division series by the Tampa Bay Rays.

Source for Information
Wikipedia - Chicago White Sox

© 2013 Claire Rottenberg



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